Could Trump commentary jeopardise US-Africa energy deals?

first_img RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR BRICS US Flag US President Donald Trump’s inappropriate remarks last week, referring to African nations as “s***hole” countries, has left the country’s energy trade with Africa in a precarious position.According to the Washington Post, the Trump administration has dispatched its top energy and environmental officials to woo potential African buyers of US energy.Speaking at a conference in South Africa in October last year, Energy Secretary Rick Perry, stressed: “We want to be your partner,” adding that the US could “export not only LNG [liquefied natural gas] but also the technology and infrastructure to build gas economies across Africa.”Net energy exporterWith a goal to become a net exporter of energy globally, the US is pushing for the sale of liquefied natural gas (LNG).However, Trump’s public actions could prove detrimental rather than beneficial.David Victor, professor of international relations at the University of California at San Diego, said: “Comments like those made by Trump last week undercut the soft power of the US and tarnish the country’s reputation — and the reputation of Trump himself.”Victor added: “They probably create some domestic politics problems for countries that want to buy LNG from US suppliers.“The role of government in blessing or pushing these things — especially in market-oriented economies like the United States — is easy to overstate.”As the infrastructure required for the import and export of LNG is extensive and complex, media noted that there is a high need for intergovernmental cooperation rather than the average overseas transaction.Looking closer to homeAfrica is historically an oil and gas resource-rich continent, with sub-Saharan Africa home to a significant amount of natural gas.Antony Goldman, an independent energy analyst highlighted that it would be more affordable for South Africa, the continent’s third-largest economy, to build pipelines to gas fields to the north in Mozambique than it is to import gas by tanker [from the US], Goldman said.In addition, Morocco could get gas from its North African neighbours and recent discoveries in East Africa could entice Egypt as a potential buyer.“The ability to produce gas at a much closer market is very real in Africa,” Charlie Riedl, executive director of the Centre for Liquefied Natural Gas, a lobbying group, said.Therefore, despite growing efforts to secure a long-term relationship with Africa as an LNG offtaker, “the need to import US LNG is probably pretty unlikely,” Riedl said. Previous articleEskom inquiry to hear evidence from Singh, KokoNext articleOff-Grid Energy Challenge now open for Nigerian developers Ashley TheronAshley Theron-Ord is based in Cape Town, South Africa at Clarion Events-Africa. She is the Senior Content Producer across media brands including ESI Africa, Smart Energy International, Power Engineering International and Mining Review Africa. AFD and Eskom commit to a competitive electricity sector Featured image: Stockcenter_img Finance and Policy Low carbon, solar future could increase jobs in the future – SAPVIA Generation UNDP China, CCIEE launch report to facilitate low-carbon developmentlast_img read more

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GCT Germany Day 1 – Denis Does it Better!

first_img Email* The first day of the Global Champions Tour of Germany opened in rather damp fashion but the jumping was exciting enough to brighten an otherwise grey day. The Mercedes Benz Championship of Hamburg was won last year by Meredith Michaels Beerbaum after a tough jump off though it appeared for quite some time as though there wasn’t going to be a jump off at all.Leon Thijssen was second to go on Who Cares, and left all the rails intact over Frank Rotherberger’s course scoring only a time fault (which was later removed by the judges after they reassessed the time allowed). He remain the only clear for another 15 horses before Britain’s Ellen Whitaker joined him. In the end there were nine through to the timed round including riders from Germany, Ireland, Great Britain and the Netherlands. Meredith’s chance of a repeat ended with two refusals on Checkmate.This class had the added bonus of being the one which decided four wild card entries for the GCT Grand Prix so there was not just a new car to play for. However, the jump off started with drama when Leon Thijssen’s horse stopped and Ellen Whitaker’s Equimax Ocalado slipped before the second last nad nearly came down. Fourth to go, Nick Skelton on Carlo finally set a standard without penalty when clear in 44.9. His lead did not last long though, Denis Lynch had been in good form in Valencia with several placed rides and he powered into the lead with 44.36 on Nabab’s Son. There were only two left to go after him and Estoril GP winners Leopold Van Asten and VDL Groep Santana B tipped an oxer and then German Holger Wulschner was not quite quick enough on Cefalo. So the man who finished GCT Valencia with a second place, started Hamburg by going one better and getting a new car as well!  ~ by Lulu Kyriacou, GCT press AgentQuotesDenis Lynch: ”To be honest, I wasn’t really pushing it particularly. I had a good shot to the first three and that is probably where I made up the time. I didn’t think the arena was especially wet. I will do Turin next week on this horse and then probably think about saving him a little in case I need to take him to WEG. Latinus is my first choise for that at the moment but anything could happen before then.”Max Kuhner: “There had only been one clear before me so I thought I would ride for a steadier clear and make sure of a good placing as I had not had the best feel from my horse in the first round so it was a better choice not to push it.”Result- Mercedes Benz Championship of Hamburg1. Denis Lynch (IRE) Nabab’s Son, 0,0, 44.36, Mercedes Benz2. Nick Skelton (GBR) Carlo, 0,0, 44.99, Euro 60003. Max Kuhner (GER) Coeur de Lion, 0,0, 46.77, Euro 45004. Holger Wulschner (GER), Cefalo, 0,0, 47.13, Euro 3750Qualified for GCT Grand Prix of Germany1. Holger Wulscher2. Ellen Whitaker3. Johannes Ehning4. Karl Brocks Subscribe to the Horse Sport newsletter and get an exclusive bonus digital edition! We’ll send you our regular newsletter and include you in our monthly giveaways. PLUS, you’ll receive our exclusive Rider Fitness digital edition with 15 exercises for more effective riding. Horse Sport Enews More from Horse Sport:Christilot Boylen Retires From Team SportAfter an exemplary career as one of Canada’s top Dressage riders, seven-time Olympian Christilot Boylen has announced her retirement from team competition.2020 Royal Agricultural Winter Fair CancelledFor only the second time in its history, The Royal Agricultural Winter Fair has been cancelled but plans are being made for some virtual competitions.Royal Agricultural Winter Fair Statement on 2020 EventAs the Province of Ontario starts to reopen, The Royal’s Board and staff will adhere to all recommendations put forward by government and health officials.Government Financial Assistance for Ontario FarmersOntario Equestrian has recently released this update of several financial assistance packages available, including those for farm business. SIGN UP last_img read more

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Skjern win Santander Cup 2017!

first_imgShareTweetShareShareEmailCommentsThe Danish Cup trophy (Santander Cup 2017) is in hands of Skjern! Newcomer in team of Skjern, Serbian goalkeeper Tibor Ivanisevic, was absotely amazing between the posts with 22 saves in defeating BSV Silkeborg 27:20 (13:7), which got best description in words of Allan Damgaard who sad “that BSV didn’t lost against Skjern, but against goalkeeper”.Almost 5.000 fans at Gigantium in Aalborg watched a real handball gala by Bjarte Myrhol and his team-mates…Bjerringbro-Silkeborg – Skjern Håndbold: 20-27 (7-13)SKJERN: Markus Olsson 6, Lasse Mikkelsen 5, Bjarte Myrhol 4, Kasper Søndergaard 3, René Rasmussen 3, Bjarke Christensen 2, Morten Balling 1, Emil Bergholt 1, Daniel Svensson 1 og Thomas Klitgaard 1.Bjerringbro-Silkeborg: Johan Hansen 4, Nikolaj Markussen 4, Stefan Hundstrup 4,  Kristian Klitgaard 4, Allan Damgaard 2, Sebastian Skube 1 og Rasmus Jensen 1  ShareTweetShareShareEmail Related Items: Click to comment Leave a Reply Cancel replyYour email address will not be published.Comment Name Email Website Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.last_img read more

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A referendum on Renzi’s leadership

first_img Also On POLITICO A Greek ‘referendum’ on austerity By Cynthia Kroet Belgium’s contest: three tiers, seven parliaments By Cynthia Kroet Bulgaria: the sick government of Europe By Andrew Gardner Elections are going unnoticed in Croatia By Toby Vogel Low turnout worries in Cyprus By Nicholas Hirst Czechs brewing up uncertainty again By Andrew Gardner Denmark’s socialists are feeling the pressure By Paul Dallison A busy but shallow campaign in Romania By Andrew Gardner Senior figures in Finland seeking top EU jobs By Cynthia Kroet Far-right the likely big winner in France By Pierre de Boisseson If Germany changes, Europe changes By Toby Vogel A lack of drama and a sure-fire winner in Hungary By Andrew Gardner Will a bail-out win votes in Ireland? By Dave Keating UKIP fills the void By Dave Keating Crisis in Ukraine could boost turnout in Latvia By Andrew Gardner Lithuania’s election in the shadows By Andrew Gardner Luxembourg’s solid, serious candidates By Cynthia Kroet Stability v instability in Malta By Paul Dallison Will Estonia’s Reform Party’s struggles continue? By Andrew Gardner Crisis in Ukraine changes focus of Polish campaign By Andrew Gardner European issues v domestic austerity in Portugal By Nicholas Hirst A weakened centre braced for a poor result in Austria By Toby Vogel Slovakia’s Fico tries to save face By Andrew Gardner Chaos and indifference in Slovenia By Toby Vogel Spain’s mainstream parties face backlash By Nicholas Hirst Local contest matters more than European for Swedes By Dave Keating Dutch Liberals under attack from far-left and far-right By Cynthia Kroet However, it is the upstart Five Star Movement that presents the greatest challenge to Renzi. The populist, anti-establishment party received a quarter of the vote in last year’s general election. The party, headed by comedian Beppe Grillo, is recording support of around 25% in opinion polls for the European elections, although Grillo insists that his party will win outright.If the PD does as well as predicted, it would be a relief not only to Renzi, but also to the European Commission.Renzi is the most pro-European of the prominent Italian politicians. By contrast, Grillo wants to call a referendum on Italy’s use of the euro and wants Italy to pull out of the EU’s ‘fiscal compact’, and Berlusconi has criticised the design of the euro and suggested that it was a mistake for Italy to join the single currency.The far-right Lega Nord, which is expected to ally with France’s Front National in a new far-right group in the next European Parliament, is the most Eurosceptic of Italy’s main groups. Party leader Matteo Salvini, who is not seeking re-election, has added anti-European language to the party’s traditional anti-immigrant rhetoric. But the Lega Nord is polling at just 5%, with most of its support in the north-east of the country. It could fall short of the 4% threshold needed to enter the European Parliament.Recent Eurobarometer polls have shown increasing disaffection for the Union in traditionally EU-friendly Italy, but support for the euro remains high. Although trust in the EU has fallen to 23%, according to a survey published in February, 56% of Italians support Italy’s membership of the single-currency bloc. In the same survey, only 15% of Italians identified themselves as ‘Eurosceptics’.Italy will have 73 MEPs in the next Parliament, 27 of whom would come from the PD, based oncurrent trends. Forza Italia would have 16 and the Five Star Movement 21. Grillo has not yet given any indication as to which group his party will join in the next Parliament, and so many seats would be a huge prize. They could represent a particular bonus for the ALDE group, which lacks a strong presence in southern Europe and is on course to lose seats elsewhere in Europe. However, it is unclear how some of Grillo’s group’s anti-austerity positions would fit with the Liberal group. When he became prime minister in February, Matteo Renzi made the controversial decision not to call an election. This month’s vote for the European Parliament will therefore be the first major test for the 39-year-old former mayor of Florence.Given that he has never been elected to national office, an endorsement in these elections is seen as crucial. According to opinion polls, it is a test that Renzi appears likely to pass. His Democratic Party (DP) is hovering at around 33% support, according to opinion polls, with the party’s main centre-right rival, the Forza Italia party of former prime minister Silvio Berlusconi, at 19%.Renzi has been helped by the successful passage of his tax reform plan, which will see 6.5 million low-income citizens benefit from an extra €80 a month. While some have characterised this as cynical vote-buying just before an election, it has also shown that Renzi is able to deliver in the notoriously dysfunctional Italian parliament.last_img read more

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Family Resources in Orange County

first_imgPicking up from one place and moving to another is always a hassle, especially when kids and pets are involved. Knowing whom to call or where to find information can help make the transition easier.American Red Crosswww.redcross.org The Red Cross helps members of the military, veterans and their families prepare for, cope with and respond to the challenges of military service.The American Red Cross offers confidential services to all members of the military, veterans and their families by connecting them with local, state and national resources through the network of chapters in communities across the United States and offices on military installations worldwide.Local Red Cross offices develop and maintain relationships with key community partners. Military families rely on the Red Cross to help them identify their needs and connect them to the most appropriate Red Cross and community resources. This essential Red Cross service includes responding to emergency needs for food, clothing and shelter, referrals to counseling services (e.g., financial, legal, mental health), respite care for caregivers and other resources that meet the unique needs of local military members, veterans and their families.The American Red Cross Emergency Communications Center is available to help 24/7. Call 877-272-7337 or submit an online request at https://saf.redcross.org/css.Armed Services YMCAwww.asymca.org The ASYMCA is made up of 13 branches and about 20 affiliate locations at local Y’s and on some DOD facilities across the U.S.It makes military life easier by providing programs and services to the young men and women of all five armed services: Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force and Coast Guard.ASYMCA programs, services and events are designed to help the family come together, stay together and have the ability to adjust, bounce back and thrive wherever the services send them — with a particular focus on junior enlisted men and women, the individuals on the front lines of defending our nation. Programs are offered at low cost and require no dues or membership fees.Signature programs include Angels of the Battlefield Awards Gala, Art and Essay Contest, Military Family Month, Operation Hero, Operation Holiday Joy, Operation Kid Comfort, Operation Outdoors, Operation Ride Home, Parent and Me, Teddy’s Child Watch and YMCA/DOD Military Outreach Initiative.Find ASYMCA locations by visiting www.asymca.org/locations.Child Care Awarewww.childcareaware.org Improving access to affordable, quality child care is one of Child Care Aware of America’s top goals. Search the site’s “State by State Resources for Families” to connect with national organizations and associations that provide information for parents regarding child development, parenting, and child care concerns and questions.The site has information on the different types of child care and how to choose the right child care for your family. Financial resources include a child care budgeting calculator and information on federal and state fee assistance. There’s also a special section for military and DOD families with links to military child care cost assistance. To speak with a specialist about military and DOD child care programs, call 800-424-2246, option 6.New York State Office of Children and Family Serviceshttp://ocfs.ny.gov OCFS aims to improve the integration of services for New York’s children, youth, families and vulnerable populations; to promote their development; and to protect them from violence, neglect, abuse and abandonment. The agency provides a system of family support, juvenile justice, child care and child welfare services that promote the safety and well-being of children and adults. OCFS is responsible for programs and services involving foster care, adoption and adoption assistance, child protective services, preventive services for children and families, services for pregnant adolescents and protective programs for vulnerable adults.The Spring Valley Regional Office serving Orange County is at 11 Perlman Drive – Pascack Plaza. Contact Child Care Services at 845-708-2400. Contact Child Welfare Services at 845-708-2498.Orange County Department of Social Services11 Quarry Road, Box ZGoshen, NY 10924 845-291-4000www.orangecountygov.com/680/Social-Services The Orange County Department of Social Services provides temporary help to eligible individuals and families with social service and financial needs to assist them with leading safe, healthy and independent lives. The department administers some programs and initiatives, including the Summer Food Service Program that provides free meals during the summer for children under 18 and disabled young adults enrolled in school curricula.Military OneSourcewww.militaryonesource.mil Military OneSource is your central hub and go-to place for the military community. Get to know your benefits and prepare for the big stuff — deployments, reintegration, moves, parenthood, retirement and more. Browse by topic or search for that strangely specific question you want to know more about. No matter where military life takes you, with Military OneSource you’ll always be in the loop.Operation Homefrontwww.operationhomefront.org Operation Homefront assists military families during difficult financial times by providing food assistance, auto and home repair, vision care, travel and transportation, moving assistance, essential home items and rent-free transitional housing for wounded veterans and their families.Helping military families gain long-term stability is a specific concern for Operation Homefront. Homes on the Homefront awards mortgage-free homes, affecting veteran families for generations to come. The caregivers for wounded warriors also need help, and that is why Hearts of Valor exists.Operation Homefront’s annual gala recognizes amazing military kids. The organization also hosts many Homefront Celebrations, Star-Spangled Baby Showers, Back-to-School Brigades and Holiday Meals for Military events each year to show appreciation to military spouses.Visit Operation Homefront online for more information.United Service Organizationwww.uso.org Since 1941, the USO has kept our military men and women connected to their families, home and country no matter where they are or under what conditions they serve. Programs for military families include Couples Seminars: Stronger Families, Comfort Crew for Military Kids, Operation That’s My Dress, United Through Reading, Baby Showers: USO and What to Expect Present Special Delivery, and The Sesame Street/USO Experience.The USO also provides transition services to support Americans’ return to civilian life after completing their military service. For more information, go to www.uso.org/programs/uso-pathfinder.Visit the USO’s website to find a location near you.last_img read more

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Black Rock RV Resort sells for nearly $4M

first_imgThe sale of the Black Rock RV Village located at 46751 E. Highway 60 in Brenda, AZ (near Quartzsite) sold April 2, 2015 for $3,925,000 to a California private investment firm.  John Grant and John Sheedy with Park Brokerage Inc. represented the buyer and the seller on the transaction.Black Rock is a winter, snowbird RV resort 15 miles east of Quartzsite which is a marketthat attracts over one million RVers every winter season.  Black Rock has 403 large RV sites of 40X50 feet to 40X100 feet with 26 pull thrus at 30X100 feet on 47 acres.  Additional revenue streams are from five motel units, leased beauty shop, five vendor booths, propane sales, and car wash.  The property’s utilities are 50 amp electric, well water, and septic sewer.  The resort has gravel streets.  Amenities include a 150 seat café leased to an operator, newer swimming pool, spa and bathrooms facility built in 2008, rec hall with a large stage and bathrooms, a smaller rec hall with a library, modem desk, kitchen and card room, a picnic area in the center of the park with cabana, large vehicle storage area, office, laundry, and a manufactured home used as a third meeting room.  The resort has a Good Sam rating of 10/10/9.5.The resort has over 250 annuals with approximately 125 of the annuals being park models at annual rental rates of $1,695-$1,895.  Overnight rates are $31-$34, weekly $195-$230, and monthly $420.The capitalization rate was 10.0%.  The buyer obtained new financing of $2,551,250 or 65% loan to value at a fixed interest rate of 4½% for ten years with monthly payments amortized over 25 years.  The property was in good condition at time of sale.John Sheedy commented, “The greater Quartzsite market is a huge snowbird destination and in January of each year becomes the second largest city in Arizona.  Brenda has a strong attraction to snowbirds for access to Quartzsite, off road quad activity right outside the resort, and reasonable rental rates”.John Grant added, “The private buyer is an experienced real estate investor but new to the RV resort industry.  The RV industry is seeing more and more new investors in the market attracted by yield.  Most apartments and commercial properties are selling at 4%-5% capitalization rates and they were able to obtain a 10% cap rate with 4.5% financed for very positive leverage at 16% cash flow plus principal reduction”.last_img read more

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How The Hen House Turns: Communication Between Animals

first_imgBy CARY NEEPERLos Alamos Daily PostWe humans are so focused on our verbal ways of communicating, it is easy to overlook the more subtle methods used by plants and animals.However, that topic has appeared in some excellent books (The Hidden Life Of Trees and The Inner Life of Animals: What They Feel by Peter Wohlben )Communication between living beings, and between themselves and their environments, is not limited to sound. Smell and taste play large roles in animal and plant communication. A giraffe can smell danger when eating.Electrical impulses can travel 1/3 inch per second in trees, increasing the tannin in some. The scent of willow trees attracts bees, who collect their pollen. Saliva from an insect is tasted by the leaf that insect is eating. Reacting to the saliva, the leaf then produces a chemical that attracts predators to the hungry insect.Soil fungi have been found to act as communicators of nourishment, making it available in a felled tree. The roots interact with the fungal hyphae. Some root tips also have nerve cells. Trees often grow close together and share nutrients gathered in their roots.These communication skills are usually lost in agricultural plants and “cultivated,” not wild plants. That’s why insects feed better off farm crops.The amazing ability of dogs to smell has been put to work in many ways. Their work finding victims of fires or earthquakes and snow avalanches is well known. They can detect killer whales’ scat floating on Puget Sound waters. They can smell mice in large meadows and find the scat from silverspot caterpillars.In the excellent series Planet Earth II, David Attenborough has captured videos of a grouper and an octopus working together to catch small fish hiding in a coral alcove. The grouper points his body at the small fish to attract the octopus’s attention.Octopuses disguise themselves with shells when they see a shark approaching. If the shells don’t confuse the shark and the octopus gets caught, the octopus puts his arm into the shark’s gills so he can’t breathe.The stories continue as we learn how other lives invent ways to survive. Some of the most remarkable examples of life’s genius is found in Ross Piper’s huge book of 540 gorgeous photos and scanning electron micrographs (SEMs) “focused” on the world’s tiniest animals.These 1.5 million microscopic species “feed on other organisms.” Some of these weird blobs move around and respond to stimuli…” like us humans.”1.5 million known species have been identified out of a possible 10 to 200 million species so small we have little or no awareness of them.Recently we are also learning about large animal strategies for survival. An August 2019 article in Scientific American by Garath Arnott and Robert W. Elwood of Northern Ireland, “When Animals Fight,” reports evidence showing that when large male nonhuman animals decide to fight or to retreat for the right to mate, they do not assess the strength of their opponent.They assess their own chances, based on their own size and weight. Studied were Siamese fighting fish, jumping spiders, stalk-eyed flies, hermit crabs, killer fish, house crickets, domestic pigs, and wild giraffes. Are humans very different? Wild California turkeys ‘communicating’. Courtesy photolast_img read more

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Air Liquide’s R&D solar lab inaugurated

first_imgGet instant access to must-read content today!To access hundreds of features, subscribe today! At a time when the world is forced to go digital more than ever before just to stay connected, discover the in-depth content our subscribers receive every month by subscribing to gasworld.Don’t just stay connected, stay at the forefront – join gasworld and become a subscriber to access all of our must-read content online from just $270. Subscribelast_img

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APPEA: Parliamentary inquiry further delays new gas supplies in Victoria

first_imgScience, state-of-the-art technology and 60 years of demonstrated gas industry operation in Australia have been ignored in favour of a year-long Parliamentary inquiry that will delay the development of new gas supplies in Victoria for years, according to APPEA.APPEA Chief Operating Officer Eastern Australia, Paul Fennelly said: “Restrictions, bans, delays and inquiries do not represent the ‘immediate action’ called for by the 2013 Victorian Gas Market Taskforce to facilitate new supplies for the largest natural gas consuming state in Australia.”The decision raises serious questions about whether Victoria is a state that truly welcomes investment in developing onshore gas supplies, regional economic growth, job creation and additional farming income that comes with it, Fennell added in his statement.APPEA is urging the Victorian Government to immediately lift a ban on natural gas exploration to at least determine what resources are potentially available to Victorian manufacturers, businesses and households.“The well-understood process of hydraulic fracturing should also be allowed to continue on projects with licence approvals in place,” Fennelly said.The government can already look to the vast body of science and best-industry practice that underpins successful onshore gas development in other parts of Australia and overseas.Queensland has safely developed natural gas from coal seams for almost 20 years and more than $60 billion is currently being invested in export projects that have created tens of thousands of jobs and will deliver economic benefits for decades to come.Victoria’s reticulated natural gas network supplies gas to more than 1.8 million households where it is typically used for cooking and heating.The commercial and industrial sectors also rely heavily on natural gas and input for the manufacture of products such as chemicals, plastics, pharmaceuticals, fertilisers, paints, pesticides and cosmetics.Fennelly said: “To delay much-needed gas development decisions to mid-2016 is neglectful of the urgent need to secure Victoria’s gas supply as outlined by the Gas Market Taskforce.”Gas Market Taskforce Chair Peter Reith in October 2013 stressed that rising gas prices will have a negative impact on Victoria’s manufacturing base. He said that jobs and investment are at risk and costs of living will rise and could rise for longer if not addressed.[mappress mapid=”16604″]last_img read more

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Time to stop bashing Grayling

first_imgThe continual jibes in the Gazette about poor Mr Grayling’s lack of legal qualifications and (ergo) his supposed unconcern for the rule of law are growing wearisome.The latest occasion for them seems to be the criminal legal aid reforms. Correspondents have propounded the extraordinary maxim that ‘no one is a criminal until a court says so’. If that is the case, large areas of public and private consciousness may as well shut up shop at once. This is just the kind of nonsense that gets parroted when lawyers become obsessed with their professional standing and forget that, first and foremost, they are moral agents, rational beings and citizens of a state.Let us force ourselves to remember that presumption of innocence is a rule of evidence, nothing more, whereas the question of whether or not somebody is a ‘criminal’ is a matter of fact. Assumptions of criminality are made at every stage of the criminal justice system, else how could anyone ever be arrested or remanded in custody? A writer has identified a famous painter as Jack the Ripper, though so far as the law is concerned his only offences were on canvas. Al Capone notoriously did murder after murder yet was convicted at last merely for tax evasion. May we not boldly say that during all those ‘convictionless’ years he was nonetheless a crook? Likewise the Krays, Richardsons and their ilk. What becomes of the entertainment industry otherwise?Let’s say someone I know is a benefits cheat. I know this because he boasts of it. Just because I do not have the heart to denounce him, am I not allowed, in my innermost thoughts, to call him a criminal? I can even do so publicly and the law will support me so long as I can prove the fact, though my friend has never been brought to trial. If this were not the case, what becomes of investigative journalism? For that matter, criminal lawyers know perfectly well that the bulk of their clients are criminals, and I have no doubt that your contributors who are most indignant with Mr Grayling habitually think of them as such.The justice secretary has not breached his social and legal duties by declaring any individual to be a criminal but has spoken of criminals en masse. He has said nothing that, in essence, might not have been said by any of his legally qualified predecessors – or indeed by any sane and responsible person.Martin Maloney, solicitor, London N3last_img read more

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